Why do protons attract to each other?

What attracts protons to each other?

Since opposite charges attract each other, the negatively charged electrons are attracted to the positively charged protons. … Explain to students that in a hydrogen atom, the negatively charged electron is attracted to the positively charged proton. This attraction is what holds the atom together.

Why do atoms get attracted to each other?

The valence electrons are involved in bonding one atom to another. The attraction of each atom’s nucleus for the valence electrons of the other atom pulls the atoms together. As the attractions bring the atoms together, electrons from each atom are attracted to the nucleus of both atoms, which “share” the electrons.

Why are protons and neutrons attracted?

Protons and neutrons are held together in a nucleus of an atom by the strong force. The strong force gets it name by being the strongest attractive force. … And it is the quarks that exchange force carrying particles between each other to give rise to the strong force. The force carrying particles are called gluons.

What causes the attraction between protons and neutrons?

The strong nuclear force pulls together protons and neutrons in the nucleus. At very small distances only, such as those inside the nucleus, this strong force overcomes the electromagnetic force, and prevents the electrical repulsion of protons from blowing the nucleus apart.

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Why do oxygen atoms bond together?

Two covalent bonds form between the two oxygen atoms because oxygen requires two shared electrons to fill its outermost shell. … It gets these four from four hydrogen atoms, each atom providing one. These elements all share the electrons equally, creating four nonpolar covalent bonds.

Why are atoms attracted to each other in an ionic bond?

Since electrons are negatively charged, an atom that loses one or more electrons will become positively charged; an atom that gains one or more electrons becomes negatively charged. … These oppositely charged ions attract each other to form ionic networks (or lattices).

What does the force of attraction between protons and electrons depend on?

The force of attraction depends on the distance between the proton and electron. … The greater the number of protons, the greater the pull on the electrons, which means greater force.

Do neutrons attract other protons?

Protons and neutrons aren’t electrically attracted to each other, but when they get close enough they can exchange particles called mesons and become bound together by the strong force.