What are the 2 factors affecting electrostatic attraction?
The first factor is the amount of charge on each object. The greater the charge, the greater the electric force. The second factor is the distance between the charges. The closer together the charges are, the greater the electric force is.
What increases electrostatic attraction?
The net attractive electrostatic attraction is increased as the nuclear charge increases. Electrons are being added to successive energy levels and both charge on nucleus and electron repulsion increase in step to “cancel each other out”.
What do electrostatic forces depend on?
The electrostatic force has the same form as the gravitational force between two mass particles except that the electrostatic force depends on the magnitudes of the charges on the particles (+1 for the proton and −1 for the electron) instead of the magnitudes of the particle masses that govern the gravitational force.
What factors can affect the force of attraction in an atom?
In an atom, the most important factors that influence the force, as calculated by Coulomb’s equation, are the nuclear charge and the distance from the nucleus to the electron of interest. The closer an electron is to a nucleus, the stronger the attractive force (i.e. the more negative F becomes).
What factors affect the strength of an electrostatic force between two objects?
Explanation: In electrostatics, the electrical force between two charged objects is inversely related to the distance of separation between the two objects. Increasing the separation distance between objects decreases the force of attraction or repulsion between the objects.
Which factors affect the flow of electric charge?
length – longer wires have greater resistance. thickness – smaller diameter wires have greater resistance. temperature – heating a wire increases its resistance.
What causes one element to have an electrostatic attraction to another element to form bonds?
Ions form from elements when they gain or lose an electron causing the number of protons to be unequal to the number of electrons, resulting in a net charge. … Ionic bonds result from the interaction between a positively charged cation and a negatively charged anion.
What causes the buildup of an electrostatic charge?
Static electricity is the result of an imbalance between negative and positive charges in an object. These charges can build up on the surface of an object until they find a way to be released or discharged. … The rubbing of certain materials against one another can transfer negative charges, or electrons.
What are the 3 laws of electrostatics?
Based on the same types of experiments like the one you performed, scientists were able to establish three laws of electrical charges: Opposite charges attract each other. Like charges repel each other. Charged objects attract neutral objects.